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Monday, April 25, 2011

NATURAL DISASTER – COMBINATION OF NATURAL HAZARDS

TYPES
Earthquakes
1. Road and bridge damage
2. Human loss of life
3. Higher insurance premiums
4. General property damage

Flood
1. Physical damage - Structures such as buildings get damaged due to flood water. Landslides can also take place.
2. Water supplies- Contamination of water. Clean drinking water becomes a scarce.
3. Casualties- People and livestock die due to drowning. It can also lead to epidemics and diseases.
4. Crops and food supplies- Shortage of food crops can be caused due to loss of entire harvest

Tsunami
1. Loss of life and property
2. Ecosystem effect
3. The largest waves are caused by a very large landslide, such as a collapsing island, into a body of water


How to Help disaster victim

1.1 Collection blankets, shoes and clothing

1.2 Airlift food and medicines to the disaster site

1.3 Cash

1.4 Developing countries depend on foreign expertise

1.5 People are helpless in the face of natural disasters

1.6 Survivors feel lucky to be alive

References
1. G. Bankoff, G. Frerks, D. Hilhorst (eds.) (2003). Mapping Vulnerability: Disasters, Development and People. ISBN ISBN 1-85383-964-7.
2. B. Wisner, P. Blaikie, T. Cannon, and I. Davis (2004). At Risk - Natural hazards, people's vulnerability and disasters. Wiltshire: Routledge. ISBN ISBN 0-415-25216-4.
3. D. Alexander (2002). Principles of Emergency planning and Management. Harpended: Terra publishing. ISBN ISBN 1-903544-10-6.
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